Gothic (goth-IK): A literary style prevelant in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Gothic style can even be found in modern works as well. This style romanticised the "weird" and helped make the supernatural a motif in literature. The earliest known gothic work is the Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole in 1764. This set into motion a literary movement which would span centuries.
Some famous practitioners of the Gothic movement are: Mary Shelley (Frankenstein), Edgar Allen Poe, and Bram Stoker (Drakula). These writers combine many of the gothic elements to create masterpieces of fiction.